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街机捕鱼电玩

油松繁殖栽培技术 造型油松

2017-05-02  来自: 莱芜市颖松园林有限公司 浏览次数:438

  油松街机捕鱼电玩为我国特有的树种,裸子植物,松科松属常绿乔木,树冠在壮年期呈塔形或广卵形,在老年期呈盘状或伞形,树皮灰棕色,呈鳞片状开裂,裂缝红褐色。小枝粗壮,无毛,褐黄色。叶二针一束,罕3针一束,球果卵形。花期4~5月,果次年10月成熟。原产中国,自然分布范围广,辽宁、吉林、内蒙古、河北、河南、山西、甘肃、宁夏、青海、四川北部等地。本文就油松的生态习性、繁殖与栽培管理技术总结介绍。

  1 YOUSONGDESHENGTAIXIXING

  YOUSONGXIGUANG,YOUNIANNAIBIYIN,NAIDIWEN。NAIDALUXINGQIHOU。XIZHONGXINGTURANG、WEISUANXINGTURANG,BUNAIYANJIAN,ZAIpH7.5YISHANGSHIJISHENGZHANGBULIANG。WEISHENGENXINGSHUZHONG,ZHUGEN、CEGENFADA,CHUIZHISHENRUDIXIAZHONG。XIANGSIZHOUSHENZHAN,DUOSHUJIZHONGTURANGBIAOCENG。YOUSONGDUITURANGDEYANGFENHESHUIFENYAOQIUBUSHIHENGAO,TURANGTONGQIZHUANGKUANGLIANGHAOJIUHAO,SONGZHITURANGSHENGZHANGBIJIAOHAO。

  RUGUOTURANGNIANJIEHUOZHESHUIFENGUODUOTONGFENGBUHAOSHENGZHANGYEBUHAO,HUIZAOQIGANSHAO。YAOSHIZAISHUIFENGUOGAODETURANGZHONGBUNENGSHENGZHANG,YOUSONGDEXISHOUGENYOUGONGSHENGDEJUNGEN,ZAIZAIPEITIAOJIANSHANGDEYAOYAOQIUGAO。

  2 YOUSONGDEFANZHIJISHU

街机捕鱼电玩  YOUSONGKEBOZHONGYUMIAO,HAIKEKEYIYONGYINGYANGBEIYUMIAO。YOUSONGBOZHONGWEICHUNBOHEQIUBOJIJIE。CHUNBOWEIHAO,ZAI3YUEXIAXUNZHI4YUESHANGXUNBOZHONG。

  2.1 BOZHONGYUMIAO

  2.1.1 ZHONGZIXUANZE

  CAIJIYOUSONGDEZHONGZIZAI9YUEFENSHANGZHONGXUNCHENGSHU。DANGGUOYOULVBIANWEIHUANGLVSE,JIUYINGGAIJISHICAIJI。YAOZAI20NIANYISHANGDEMUSHUCAIZHONG,CAIHAODEQIUGUOFANGZAITONGFENGHAODECHANGDILIANGSHAI,MEITIANFANDONGYILIANGCI。JITIANHOUQIUGUOLIEKAI,QINGQINGQIAODA、FANDONG,CUSHIZHONGZIJIUZIDONGTUOLI。JIANGSHOUQILAIDEZHONGZICUOCHI,SHAIXUAN,SHAIGANHOUZHUZANG。

街机捕鱼电玩  2.1.2 CHULIZHONGZIXIAODU

  BOZHONGQIANYINGDANGYONGGAOMENGSUANJIAJINXINGXIAODU。GAOMENGSUANJIAXIAODU:YONG2 h,NONGDUWEI0.5%DEGAOMENGSUANJIARONGYEPAOZHONGZI,QINGXIGANJING、YINGAN。

街机捕鱼电玩  ZHONGZICUIYAYIBANYONGWENSHUIJINZHONGCUIYA。BOZHONGQIAN4~5 dYONGSHIWEN45 ℃~60 ℃ZHIJIANDEWENSHUIJINPAO,ZHONGZIYUSHUIDERONGJIBIWEI1?SHUA3BIJIAOHESHI。JINZHONGDETONGSHIBUDUANJIAOBAN,CUSHIZHONGZISHOUREJUNYUN,DAIZIRANLENGQUEHOUJINPAO24 hDESHIJIAN。ZHONGPIXISHUIPENGZHANGHOULAOCHU,FANGZHIYU25 ℃TIAOJIANXIACUIYA。FANGZAISHIMADAIHUOCAODAISHANG,FUGAI。ZAIQIJIANJINGCHANGJIANCHA,FANGZHIMEIBIAN,MEITIANYONGQINGSHUITAOXIYILIANGCI,XUYAO4 dKEMENGDONG,YOU1/3DEZHONGZILIEZUISHI,KEYIBOZHONGLE。

街机捕鱼电玩  2.1.3 YUMIAOFANGFA

  在山地培育油松苗,要抓好以下几个环节:

  ①XUANDIHEZHENGDI:YUMIAODIYINGXUANZAIBEIYIN、PODUJIAOHUAN,FUZHIZHIHANLIANGJIAOGAODEGOUTIAODIHUOSHANTAIDI,QIEJIXUANYONGZHONGRIBUJIANYANGGUANGDESIYINPO。YAOQIUTURANGHOUDUZAI30 cmYISHANG,FEIWOERJIEGOULIANGHAODESHAKENG、QINGSHARANG,BINGYISHENGHUANGDIWEIHAO。GANGQIGENGBUJIUDENONGGENGDI,FEILIXIAJIANG,BUYIXUANYONGYUMIAODI。YUSHUIJIAODUODEDIFANGYINGXIUCHENGGAOCHUANG。GAOCHUANGDEZOUXIANGYAOYUSHUIPINGFANGXIANGYIZHI。YUMIAODIYUXIANNIANQIUJISHENFAN25~30 cm,LAINIANCHUNJIDASUITUKUAI,JIANJINGCAOGEN、SHIKUAI,LOUPINGCHUANGMIAN。ZACAOGUANMUJIAOMISHI,KEXIANXINGLIANSHAN,RANHOUZHENGDI。LIANGZHONGZIDEXIAODUHECUIYA,QIANMIANYIJINGTIDAO。

街机捕鱼电玩  ②BOZHONGHEGUANLI:DUOCAIYONGCHUNBOZAI3YUEXIAXUN~4YUESHANGXUNBOZHONG。YIBANYONGTIAOBOFA,JIYONGXIAOCHUKAIGOU,GOUKUAN10~15 cm,GOUJIANJU10 cm,GOUDIYIPING。JIANGZHONGZIJUNYUNSARUGOUNEI,FUTUHOU1~1.5 cm,GANHANDIQUFUTUHOUDUKEZENGZHI2~3 cmFUTUHOUSHAOJIAZHENYA。BOZHONGLIANGWEI15 kg/667 m2。BOHOUYIGEYUEZUOYOUKAISHICHUMIAO。YOUMIAOGUOCHOUSHIKEYIJIANMIAO。SHENGZHANGQIJIANYINGJIAQIANGSONGTUCHUCAOGONGZUO。

  


  YOUSONGFANZHIZAIPEIJISHU

街机捕鱼电玩  PINGDIYUMIAOYINGXUANZEDISHIPINGTAN、PAIGUANFANGBIAN、ZHIDISONGRUANDESHAZHIRANGTUZUOYUMIAODI,TURANGYIWEISUANXINGHUOZHONGXINGWEIYI。GUOYUNIANZHONGDETURANG、YANJIANDI、DIXIASHUIMENXIAOYU1 mDEDIWADI,ZAIWEIJINGGAIZAOYIQIAN,BUYIYUMIAO。YINGTEBIEZHUYI:CIHUAI,HEIZAO,DADOU,MALINGSHU、SHUCAIDENGWEIQIANCHADEDIKUAI,BUYIYONGLAIPEIYUYOUSONGMIAO。XIANHAOYUMIAODIHOU,YUXIANNIANQIUDONGSHENFANZHENGDI,SHIZUDIFEI。BOZHONGSHIJIANKESHIDANGTIQIAN。BOQIANYAOJINXINGTURANGXIAODU,XIAODUFANGFASHIANMEIMULIUSUANYATIE4~5 kgDEYONGLIANG,XIANYONGSHAOLIANGRESHUIHUAKAI,ZAIJIA10BEIQINGSHUIXISHI,RANHOUYONGSASHUIHUJUNYUNSAZAICHUANGMIANSHANG,DAICHUANGMIANSHAOGANSHIFANDONGLOUPING。HUOJIANGLIUSUANYATIEMOCHENGXIFEN,YONGSHOUJUNYUNSAZAICHUANGMIAN,ZAIYONGPAJIANGCHUANGMIANQINGLOUYIBIAN,RANHOUYONGTIAOBOFABOZHONG。BOQIANYAOGUANZUDISHUI,YIBANBOHOUBUBIGUANSHUI,YEBUBIFUCAO。DANTURANGNIANZHONGSHI,YIYONGCAOFUGAICHUANGMIAN,TURANGSHAXINGJIAOQIANG,BAOSHUINENGLIJIAOCHASHI,BOHOUYEKESHIDANGGUANGAI。YOUSONGYOUMIAONAIHAN,DANPAYU、PALAO,SHENGZHANGQIGUANGAIYAOSHIDANGKONGZHI,BUYIGUODUO,YUJIJISHUIYINGJISHIPAICHU。BINGYAOQINSONGTU,QINCHUCAO。WEILEFANGZHILIKUBINGDEFASHENG,MIAOMUCHUQIYIZHOUHOU,KEMEIGE10 dZUOYOUYONG0.5%DEBOERDUOYEHE1%DELIUSUANYATIE,JIAOTIPENSAFANGZHI。YONGLIUSUANYATIEPENSAHOU,GUO0.5 h,YAOZAIYONGSHUIPENXIYOUMIAOYIBIAN,YIMIANYOUMIAOZAOSHOUYAOHAI。SHENGZHANGQIJIAN,YIBANSHIFEI2~3CI,MEICIMEIMUKEZHUISHINIAOSU5~7.5 kg。HOUQIYAOZHUYISHIYONGLIN、JIAFEI。QITAGUANLICUOSHIYUSHANDIYUMIAOJIBENXIANGTONG。HAIXUYAOQIANGDIAODESHIYOUSONGXINYUMIAODIXUJIEZHONGJUNGENJUN,JUTIZUOFASHIWAQUYOUSONGLINXIAFUZHITU,JUNYUNSAZAIMIAOCHUANGSHANG,BINGSHIYILINFEI,ZAIFANRUTUZHONG,JUNGENJUNJIUHUIHENKUAIFANZHIQILAI。

  2.2 ZAIZHIFANGFA

  YOUSONGKEYONGZHIMIAOHEZHIBOLIANGZHONGZAOLINFANGSHI。ZHIMIAOYIYONG3 aSHENGZUOYOUGENXILIANGHAODEDAITUMIAO,2~3ZHUCONGZHI,MIDU330/MU。ZHIBOZAOLINXUEBOZHONG20LI,FUTU2~3 cm,BOHOUYONGZACAOHEZHIYEFUGAI。TINGYUANLVHUAKEYONGDASHUDAITUTUOYIZHI。

街机捕鱼电玩  2.3 BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI

街机捕鱼电玩  WEIHAIYOUSONGDECHONGHAIJIAODUO,BINGHAIXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO。FANGZHIYOUSONGMAOCHONG:DONGJIBUSHAYUEDONGYOUCHONG;HUOTUDUHUANYIDUSHAYOUCHONG,CHUNJISHANGSHUQIAN。FANGZHIYOUSONGQIUGUOXIAOJUANE:TONGGUORENGONGCHULICHONGHAI,SHASIYOUCHONG;HUOZHEYONG25%DIDITIRU200~400BEIYEYUYOUCHONGFUHUACHU