街机捕鱼电玩

造型油松松针锈病的防治措施?

2017-05-26  来自: 造型油松 浏览次数:405

  油松松针锈病广泛分布在辽宁、吉林等省人工林内,1965年,在辽宁省章古台地区8~9年生油松(Pinus tabulaeformis)林内发病率竞达,受害林木生长衰弱,松针提早枯萎脱落,主梢生长甚短,连续3年发病后常造成病树枯死的后果。

  ZHENGZHUANG

  SONGZHENBINGCHUCHANSHENGDANLVSEXIAOBAN,HOUCHANSHENGHUANGHESEQIUZHUANGTUQI,CHANGPAICHENGYIXING,ZHEISHIBINGYUANXIUJUNDEXINGBAOZIQI。CHUNJIZAIZHUANGDEXINGBAOZIQIDEDUICE,CHANSHENGYOUHUANGBAISEBIANWEIJIEHUANGSEDEPAONANG,JIBINGYUANJUNDEXIUBAOZINANG。NANGPOHOU,SANCHUHUANGSEFENZHUANGDEXIUBAOZI,ZUIZHONGZHISHENGXIAXIUBAOZINANGDEBAOBEI,BAISEMOZHUANG。DAIBAOBEISHIQUHOU,SONGZHENCHANGCHANGKUWEIBIANHUANGHESEBINGZAOLUO,OUYUCHUNHANSHI,BINGQINGSUIRANFAZHANHUANMAN,DANBINGSHUXINSHAOSHENGZHANGSHOUZU,2~3NIANHOUBINGZHUSIWANG。

  BINGYUAN

  BENBINGSHIYOUHUANGBOQIAOXIUJUN(Coleosporium phellodendri Komar.)YINQIDE,GAIJUNSHIJUZHANGXUNHUANSHENGHUOSHIDEZHUANZHUJISHENGJUN,XINGBAOZIJIXIUBAOZIJIEDUANCHANSHENGZAIYOUSONGSHANG,XIABAOXINGXIUBAOZIJIDONGBAOZICHANSHENGZAIHUANGBOYEBEIMIAN。

  XINGBAOZIQICHENGFUWANZHUANG,SHENGYUSONGZHENBIAOPIXIA,XINGBAOZIQIUXING,SHENXIAO,CHENGSHUHOUCHANGHUNYIYIZHISONGZHENBIAOMIANSHANG。

  锈孢子球形,长椭圆形或近菱形,单胞,黄色,串生在春孢子囊中。表面有疣状突起,孢子25.4~55μm×21.8~29μm,壁厚7~11街机捕鱼电玩μm。锈孢子囊包被系由长棱形细胞构成。

  XIABAOXINGXIUBAOZIDUISHENGZAIHUANGBOYEBEIMIAN,CHENGJIEHUANGSEPAOZHUANG,BAOZICHUANSHENG,DANGEQIUXINGZHILUANXING,BIAOMIANDUOYOU,22~29μm×18.2~21.8μm。DONGBAOZIDUIYESHENGYUYEBEI,JIEHONGSEYOUGUANGZEPAOZHUANG。DONGBAOZIYUANZHUXING,DINGDUANZHIJINGLVEDAQIEPINGJIE,DINGBIHOU10.8~18.2μm,MENGFASHIDONGBAOZICHANSHENGHENGGECHENGSIBAO,GESHENGYIZHANGBING,QIDINGDUANSHENGDANBAOZI。DANBAOZIQIUXING,QIANHUANGSE,4~7μm,SHENXIANGYEBIAO。

  FABINGGUILV

  病菌冬孢子于当年8月下旬至9月上、中旬成熟萌发。产生的担孢子积留于叶面上呈白色,靠风雨分散传播。遇油松松针时,萌发产生的芽管便由气孔侵入并增殖。少数病松针上可见少量子器,后随松针越冬。至第二年春,4月下旬开始生出大量的性孢子器,5月开始出现锈孢子囊。6月上旬锈孢子飞散侵染黄檗,经几次再侵染后,形成冬孢子堆。

  4~10NIANSHENGYOUSONGYIBINGQIEZHONG,DASHUSHANGYOUSHIYEFABINGDANJIAOQING。SHUGUANXIABUSONGZHENBINGZHONG,XIANGSHANGJIANQING。YUHUANGBOHUNJIAOHUOLINJINSHIBINGZHONG,ERSHUZHONGJULICHAOGUO2kmSHIBINGJIQING。7~8YUEFENXIYULIANMIANSHI,YOULIYUBINGHAIDEFASHENGYUKUODAMANYAN。SHENGZAISHAQIUSHANGHETURANGJIBODIKUAISHANGDEHUANGBOZHANGSHIBUJIA,YISHENGBING,BINGHOUSHENGZHANGGENGRUO。

  FANGZHICUOSHI

  BUZAOERZHENSONGYUHUANGBODEHUNJIAOLIN,GEXINGHUNJIAOLINYOUQIBUJIA,YINGJIZAOFAQUHUANGBO。KEYINGZAOLIANGSHUZHONGDEKUAIZHUANGHUNJIAOLIN,DANLIANGSHUZHONGDEYINGFENGBIANXINGYINGZHIQITASHUZHONG1~5XING。HUAXUEFANGZHIKEXUANYAOJIWEI1:1:170BOERDUOYE,BOMEI0.3~0.5DUSHILIUHEJI,DIXIUNA1:200BEIYE,FENXIUNING1:800BEIYE,TUIJUNTE1:500BEIYE。MEI15RIPENYICIGONG1~3CI。8YUEZHONG、XIAXUNXIANGYOUSONGSHANGPENSHE,6YUEXIAXUNXIANGHUANGBOYESHANGPENSHE,FANGZHIQINRAN。


关键词: 造型油松           

LAIWUSHIYINGSONGYUANLINYOUXIANGONGSIWEIYUWUYUEZHISHOUDETAISHANJIAOXIA,DILIWEIZHIYOUYUE,JIAOTONGYUNSHUFANGBIAN。SHIYIJIAJINGGONGSHANGBUMENPIZHUNCHENGLI,SANZHENGQIQUAN,JIANYOU1000MUGEZHONGDAXINGZAOXINGSONG。JIDIZHUYAOJINGYING:ZAOXINGSONG,ZAOXINGHEISONG,ZAOXINGYOUSONG,TAISHANYINGKESONG,JINGGUANSONG,YOUSONG,HEISONG,PINGDINGSONG,DAXINGGUSONG,FENGJINGSONGDENGYUANLINLVHUAMIAOMU。WOMENYICHENGDAIRENXINYUWEIBEN;GENGYUNLVSECHUANBOYOUQING。WOMENJIECHENGYUGUONEIWAISHANGJIASHUANGYINGHEZUO,GONGTONGFAZHAN,GONGCHUANGHUIHUANG!ZIXUN:15763434444


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